I truly do love metacognition. I even love the way it rolls off of my lips! Metacognition is thinking about your own thinking. It’s that self-talk that we all engage in every day, especially as we read or problem solve. How can you teach an internal process to intermediate students? Well, the trick is to try to make it as visible and tangible as possible. I have borrowed ideas from Tanny McGregor’s Comprehension Connections to teach my students how to think metacognitively. After a discussion of the term, I begin by doing a think aloud. I have a student stand behind me with a large poster-board thought bubble that says, “I’m thinking metacognitively!” As I read, I hold the book up and show the pictures. Any time I have a question, prediction, connection, observation, or any other kind of thought, I put the book on my lap and talk about what is swirling through my brain at that moment. While I am reading, another student volunteer is tracking the process by placing either a “thinking” card or a “text” card in a pail labeled “The Real Reading Salad”. At the end of the activity, we pull out the red “text” and green “thinking” cards and discuss how much thinking was interwoven with the actual words in the book and how it enhanced our understanding or appreciation for the story itself. I generally like to model metacognition using Amazing Grace by Mary Hoffman because it’s relatable.
During the next step of this lesson, I ask three more volunteers to come up. One holds the “I’m thinking metacognitively!” bubble while another student reads Shiela Rae the Brave by Kevin Henkes. As the student conducts a think aloud as they read, the third student is in charge of tracking their reading of the text and their thoughts by using the”text” and “thinking” cards for the “Real Reading Salad”. Afterward, we discuss how we all do thinking as we read, and we may not even realize that we do it. I ask the reader if he/she ever realized that they had that many thoughts as they read, and they almost always say no. It’s a big realization to them. I discuss how, this year, I am going to teach them how to think more deeply about what they are reading. I also mention that I want to peek into their brains and see the things that they already think about.
In order to have a glimpse of what their thinking processes as they read, I send them out to find a book to read. I tell them that they will use Post-It notes to write down any thoughts they have as they read. I tell them that ANY THOUGHT is acceptable. They stick the Post-It notes directly to their page as they read and have an “A-ha” moment. Afterwards, the students do a pair-share. Then, a few students share their thoughts with the class.
In future lessons, when I ask students to share their thinking, which is typically more structured and strategy specific, we use a thought bubble that the kids can place their heads into while they share their metacognition with the class. It’s a prop we use all year, and the kids love it. It definitely ups the engagement factor. Thank you Tanny!
Here's another idea for teaching metacognition. Gather paint samples that show a range of shades and use them as a thinking scale. Students can track their thinking as they read using the "Thinking about my thinking" strips. They can describe their level of comprehension in common language during conferences and partner reading as well. This is also especially helpful in the other content areas or as an introduction to rubrics.This is an idea I tweaked from Tanny's book... which again... is a must read! This is only scratching the surface, folks! :)